BRICS to expand green energy, digital cooperation in bid to boost sustainable development

Closer ties among developing nations help tackle global issues: expert BRICS countries will strengthen cooperation in a wide range of fields, including the digital economy, energy and the green economy, according to the BRICS Summit Beijing Declaration released on 23 June 2022, which reaffirmed the commitment to tackling climate change and fostering sustainable growth. In an initiative released at the BRICS Business Forum 2022 on Wednesday night, the BRICS business community also pledged to expand cooperation in green energy and the digital economy. In a clear sign of BRICS’ expanding ties with other emerging market economies and developing nations, an … Continue reading BRICS to expand green energy, digital cooperation in bid to boost sustainable development

Inner Mongolia: China’s first 1000 MW grade onshore wind power project starts operating

A giant onshore wind power project with a generation capacity of one million kilowatts (1000 MW) was put into operation after being connected to the national power grid for electric power supply in the Xing’an League of north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on Wednesday 29 June 2022. Built by the China General Nuclear Power Group (CGN), the first 1 million-kilowatt project, which is a mountainous wind farm, is capable of generating more than three billion kWh on-grid electricity annually. It can save more than 920,000 tonnes of standard coal and reduce nearly 2.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions … Continue reading Inner Mongolia: China’s first 1000 MW grade onshore wind power project starts operating

World facing climate catastrophes – China hit by floods

Levels of rainfall not seen since the early 1960s. Authorities across much of southern China have issued weather advisories for heavy rain and severe flooding. Over 80 rivers have already seen waters exceed warning levels after days of heavy rains.  Over 1.79 million people in central China’s Hunan Province have been affected by heavy rain and more than 2,700 houses have collapsed or been seriously damaged. Around 286,000 people have been evacuated in the province, according to the provincial flood control and drought relief headquarters. In Fujian Torrential rain has caused landslides and blocked roadways throughout the province and more than 63,000 residents in Fujian have been evacuated … Continue reading World facing climate catastrophes – China hit by floods

China to establish national park at Qinghai Lake, Tibet

Qinghai (青海), which literally means ‘blue sea’, is an inland province in central west China, adjacent to Xinjiang, Tibet, Sichuan, and Gansu. It is famed for its spectacular scenery, multi-ethnic minority culture, and rich Buddhist heritage throughout the region. China has nominated Qinghai Lake for the World Heritage List where its is currently on the Tentative List (the first stage of assessment). XINING, June 7 (Xinhua) — China has approved a plan to establish a national park at Qinghai Lake in northwest China’s Qinghai Province, local authorities said Tuesday. Gao Jingyu, deputy director of the protection and utilization administration in the Qinghai Lake scenic area, … Continue reading China to establish national park at Qinghai Lake, Tibet

Farmers in China use salt-tolerant wheat to increase output in barren land

Farmers in China have harvested salt-tolerant wheat in fields used to be barren as harvesting season starts. Varieties of salt-tolerant wheat have been specifically designed to grow in saline and alkali soils, as soluble salts such as sodium, calcium affect crops output. Scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have designed new cultivars that can grow in saline and alkali soils and are drought-resistant. Some areas in Cangzhou (Hebei) have seen increased annual output after it cultivated salt-tolerant varieties of wheat. These areas lack freshwater and have long struggled with saline soils, with crops yielding less than 200 kilograms … Continue reading Farmers in China use salt-tolerant wheat to increase output in barren land

China to step up efforts to control ‘new chemical pollutants’

“New pollutants” refer to pollutants that pose risks to the environment or human health, but are not managed yet or cannot be managed through existing measures so that the risks are contained. These include various toxic chemicals including persistent organic pollutants, endocrine disrupting chemicals and antibiotics. By the end of 2022, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will publish China’s first list of “new pollutants” for priority control, according to an action plan released by the State Council on 26 May 2022. China Dialogue reports that “by the end of next year, the ministry should complete its first round of environmental risk … Continue reading China to step up efforts to control ‘new chemical pollutants’

‘The political economy of reforms and the present Chinese transition’

BACKGROUND TO CHINA’S ECONOMIC REFORMS Professors Elias Jabbour and Alexis Dantas, economists at the Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil published (in 2017) an important study of China’s economic reform, an is a good introduction to the issues behind the strengthening of the economic power of the Chinese state in the past 4 to 5 years. The full paper is available in English at https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572017v37n04a08 “In general this refutes many myths on China’s economic reform in analysing the relation of the state and the market in China’s ‘socialist market economy’. It is a good introduction for economists to the … Continue reading ‘The political economy of reforms and the present Chinese transition’

Urbanization Policy Evolution and County Economy in China

Context Recently, China has issued guidelines for urbanization with a focus on county towns, which is an important part of China’s five-level administration (including provinces, prefecture-level cities, counties, townships, and villages). Half of China’s population lives in counties, and the majority of the rural population’s 500 million people still live in rural areas affiliated to counties. What is the aim of the new guidelines? According to Professor Wen Tiejun, it is to promote the transformation of China’s urbanization model from a mega cities orientation to an integrated urban-rural (城乡融合 chéngxiāng rónghé) model in line with the rural revitalization (乡村振兴 xiāngcūn … Continue reading Urbanization Policy Evolution and County Economy in China

How thousand year old rice-fish-duck agro-ecosystem benefits villagers in Guizhou, China

The rice-fish-duck agro-ecosystem is a unique agricultural system that allows rice, fish and ducks to grow together in the terraced fields. Dong’s Rice Fish Duck System, China. This thousand year old agro-ecosystem is recognized by the UN Food and Agriculture … Continue reading How thousand year old rice-fish-duck agro-ecosystem benefits villagers in Guizhou, China

Agriculture and environment: China’s food security depends on self-reliance in seed production

The soybean plant is a native to China. Scientists believe that modern cultivated soybean was domesticated from wild soybean 6000–9000 years ago. There is historical evidence that domesticated soybean was introduced from north-eastern China 2500 to 3000 years ago, leading to the agricultural revolution in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.  There is an abundance of archeological evidence that suggests the Yellow River basin as the origin of soybean domestication. However, biological evidence based on phylogenetic and clustering analyses, and using chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA, identifies the Yangtze region in Southern China as the most genetically diverse and the likely birthplace of soybean domestication. … Continue reading Agriculture and environment: China’s food security depends on self-reliance in seed production