A Resource for Scientific Radicals – The Return of Nature: Socialism and Ecology

A review of John Bellamy Foster’s The Return of Nature: Socialism and Ecology By Dr Camilla Royle The Return of Nature is a genealogy of ecological thinking. The word ‘ecology’ was not in common usage until the twentieth century, leading many to consider ecological thinking a fairly recent development. However, in this impressive volume, Professor John Bellamy Foster convincingly identifies a materialist ecological sensibility within works dating back a century prior to ecology’s popularization. Starting with the funerals of Darwin and Marx in 1882 and 1883 respectively, the book traces how socialist thinkers in the nineteenth and early twentieth century were integral … Continue reading A Resource for Scientific Radicals – The Return of Nature: Socialism and Ecology

Climate-smart framework needed to counter food and energy insecurity for Global South.

Countries most affected by climate change bear the least responsibility. The 17 members of the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF) generate around 80 percent of global greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions. That means they have the power to pull the brakes on the climate emergency. The 17 major economies participating in the MEF are: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the EU, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Russian Federation, South Africa, the UK and the US.  The countries most affected by climate change bear the least responsibility for the problem. Of the 16 most climate-vulnerable countries, ten … Continue reading Climate-smart framework needed to counter food and energy insecurity for Global South.

Revitalising Rural China

In September 2015, China’s President Xi Jinping attended the UN Sustainable Development Summit and joined other world leaders to adopt Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. China attaches great importance to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and has released China’s National Plan on Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and a 2019 Progress Report. Implementation of the agenda has been integrated with China’s medium- and long-term national development strategies, including the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development of China. A key element of China’s reform process is revitalisation of … Continue reading Revitalising Rural China

Ecological Civilization: China’s counter to “Sustainable Development”?

China’s concept of ecological civilisation is meant to counter the Western view of sustainable development and assert its intellectual and political leadership on environmental issues. Over the last three decades, Chinese intellectuals, government officials, party stalwarts and state leaders have toyed with the concept of ‘ecological civilisation’ (EC) to frame their environmental ideology and management of environmental problems. Domestically, EC has provoked discussion among Chinese intellectuals on its implications for China’s developmental trajectory. From a global perspective, EC is another way for China to assert the Beijing Consensus. This refers to the Chinese economic development model increasingly seen as an … Continue reading Ecological Civilization: China’s counter to “Sustainable Development”?

Ecological Civilisation: A Challenge to Liberal Environmentalism?

Adjunct Professor Berthold Kuhn looks at the specific features of the concept and analyses from the perspectives of national policy making and international cooperation. The West, and environmental liberals more broadly, would benefit from a better understanding of and engagement with China’s experience of environmental policy making. He advocates paper increasing international engagement with China on environmental discourses and policy making. Some consider the concept, with historically charged references to Chinese philosophy, to be a challenge to liberal environmentalism. However, China’s environmental policies are much more multi-faceted than orthodox Western views on policy making in China may suggest. Policy design and … Continue reading Ecological Civilisation: A Challenge to Liberal Environmentalism?

Ecological Civilisation – China’s “Eight Principles”

The concept of ecological civilisation serves as a guide for China’s fast-track endeavour to tackle the challenges facing its environment and ecosystems, respond to the public’s aspirations for a pleasant and eco-friendly living environment and promote sustainable development in a balanced manner. It lends an ideological impetus to China’s active involvement in global ecological and environmental governance to become an important player, contributor and leader in the global endeavour to develop ecological civilisation in the new era. The following is a summary of the eight guiding principles of China’s “Green Revolution“. It is an extract from the report China’s Progress Report on … Continue reading Ecological Civilisation – China’s “Eight Principles”

For an Eco-Socialist Vision: Interview with Professor Qingzhi Huan

An interview with Professor Qingzhi Huan. He is professor of comparative politics at the Research Institute of Marxism at Peking University and a professor at the School of Political Science and Public Administration at Shandong University, China. Professor Qingzhi Huan’s main research areas are environmental politics and left-wing politics. He is the author of “International Comparison on Environmental Politics” and “A comparative study of European Green Parties“.The interview was published in Global Dialogue, magazine of the International Sociological Association. On the one hand, following the economic rise of several major developing countries including China, it is becoming more and more … Continue reading For an Eco-Socialist Vision: Interview with Professor Qingzhi Huan